ISSN 1829-4618


By: Artsrun Hovhannisyan, PhD, Associate Professor, Colonel, Vazgen Sargsyan Military Academy of the MoD RA, Head of the Institute of Command and Staff,

In the ancient world, it was accepted that a talented general can do everything. He must be able to train the troops, teach the commanders how to behave in every situation, he should personally plan the actions and finally implement and follow this complex mechanism. Military historians were inspired by such generals who crushed the enemy, and as a rule they were kings and emperors. However, the more military science developed and became more complicated, the less space was left for such commanders to operate. Back in 1640, the English general Oliver Cromwell created a planning organ for his troops, which was the prototype of modern headquarters. During the reign of the Prussian king Frederick II the Great (1740-1786), the office of the General-Quartermeister, the planning body for the operations of the troops, was created. In 1763 Friedrich II established a military academy in Berlin. In 1800-1803 in Prussia, Colonel Christian von Massenbach and General Karl von Le Coq founded the idea of the Main Staff (General Stab / Staff). Basically, in the Prussian army, that institute was formed little by little starting from 1785, which included only officers who graduated from the Potsdam Military Academy. It is accepted that even, in 1766-1771 and 1783, France also had a Main Staff. Moreover, according to some researchers, the French Headquarters were more suitable for their role. At the same time, the theoretical foundations of military science were being laid in Europe.

pdf (0.94 MB)