THE CAUCASIONI COMPONENT OF INDIVIDUALS FROM HOVHANNAVANK MONUMENT
The population of medieval Armenia was not homogeneous. Some combinations of craniological features of South-European race are extant. According to the craniological data on our disposal today, among the late medieval population of Hovhannavank are present specific complexes of features not characteristic for the Armenian population of later periods. This complex of features stands close to the Caucasioni type. Closest analogues to that type were found among the population of Georgia, Azerbaijan (Mingechaur) and Iran (Turang Tepe). Basing on anthropological and paleopathological data, two types of deformation were observed: circular high (high ring) and low. Pathological changes represent a certain adaptation form to ecobiological and social environmental factors. The leading among the unfavorable environmental factors is general infectious background.
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